Canadian War Brides
Oshawa and in other parts of Canada saw an influx of Warbrides, the Canadian Government established the Canadian Wives’ Bureau, whose job it was to assist the wives of Canadian servicemen and their children, and to make arrangements
World War One
The Department of Immigration and Colonization repatriated over 54,500 soldiers’ dependents to Canada in all. Approximately 17,000 returned to Canada between July 1917 and November 1918. After the armistice a further 38, 748 came to Canada by the end of 1919. Those who travelled between 1917 and mid January 1919 were not given free transportation but were offered a special rate on a secure ship. By the end of 1919 they could be reimbursed for their passage based on 3rd class rates by applying to the government.
World War Two
During the Second World War, there were an estimated 48,000 war brides and, when the war ended, most of these young women and their children (nearly 22,000) followed their husbands to a new life in Canada.
These war brides were mostly from Britain, but a few thousand were also from other areas of Europe: the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Italy and Germany. 94% of the brides came from Britian. Interesting the US had 41,502 War Brides in comparison
Oshawa War Bride Story: Mrs. Stauffer (Martha McLachlan)
To listen to CBC radio archive reports
Each of the new War Brides were issued an English to Canadian-English Glossary
Watch and listen to Soundslide
- Barrett, Barbara B et al, eds. We Came From Over the Sea: British War Brides in Newfoundland. Portugal Cove, Newfoundland: British War Brides Association of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1996.
- Granfield, Linda. Brass Buttons and Silver Horseshoes: Stories from Canada’s War Brides. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 2002.
- Hibbert, Joyce.The War Brides. Toronto: PMA Books, 1978.
- Ladouceur, Barbara and Phyllis Spence, eds. Blackouts to Bright Lights. Vancouver: Ronsdale Press, 1995.
- O’Hara, Peggy. From Romance to Reality. Cobalt: Highway Book Shop, 1983.
- Rains, Olga. We Became Canadians. Hyde Park, Ontario: Overnight Copy Service, 1984.
- Shewchuk, Helen, ed. If Kisses Were Roses: A 50th Anniversary Tribute to War Brides. Sudbury, Ontario: Journal Printers, 1995.
- Stacey, C.P. Six Years of War. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer, 1955.
- Wicks, Ben. Promise You’ll Take Care of My Daughter. Toronto: Stoddart, 1992.
BBC Video Series Sex, Love and War
This is a four part series by the BBC. The wartime atmosphere provided changes in sexual morals. The series deals also with homosexuality during the service. In act, 324 soldiers were court martialled for homosexuality.