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Archive for the ‘Canadian Army’ Category

Story Eight-Three: Honour Roll of Oshawa Veterans

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The Silver Cross Women of Canada, Oshawa Branch complied a list of Oshawa Veterans  who served in the First and Second World Wars

Honour Roll

World War  One-    139  Armed Forces Personnel

http://remembrance.oshawalibrary.ca/honour.php?l=O1

World War Two   182  Armed Forces Personnel

http://remembrance.oshawalibrary.ca/honour.php?l=O2

For  a complete list click on More

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Story Seventy-Seven: Liberation of the Netherlands

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Liberation Day (Dutch: Bevrijdingsdag) is celebrated each year on May 5th in the Netherlands to mark the end of the Nazi occupation during World War II.

The nation was liberated largely by Canadian troops, with the assistance of the British and American Armies (see Operation Market Garden). On May 5, 1945, the Canadian General Charles Foulkes and the German Commander-in-Chief Johannes Blaskowitz reached an agreement on the capitulation of German forces in the Netherlands in Hotel De Wereld in Wageningen. One day later, the capitulation document was signed in the auditorium of Wageningen University, located next-door to the hotel.

After the liberation in 1945, Liberation Day was commemorated every 5 years. Finally, in 1990, the day was declared to be a national holiday, when the liberation would be commemorated and celebrated every year.

On May 4th, the Dutch hold the Remembrance of the Dead for the people who have fought and died during World War II, and wars in general. There is a remembrance gathering in the Nieuwe Kerk (Amsterdam) and at the National Monument on the Dam Square in Amsterdam. Throughout the country, two minutes of silence are observed at 8:00 p.m. On May 5th, the liberation is celebrated and festivals are held at most places in the Netherlands.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberation_Day_(The_Netherlands)

Facts:

-7,600 Canadians died in the liberation of Holland

To watch movie

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Story Seventy-Three: Tommy Prince Canada’s Most Decorated Native Canadian Soldier

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Sgt. Thomas George “Tommy” Prince,

Source: http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=history/other/native/prince2

Awards

Memory of Tommy Prince

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soundslide2Listen to   Audio Soundslide

http://gcmcknight.webng.com/Tommy_Prince/

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Story One  CNE  Horse Palace

Home for Canadian soldiers during training before being shipped overseas to the European theatre

At it’s opening in 1931, the Horse Palace was hailed as: “The finest equestrian facility in the country”. It’s also a nice bit of Art Deco.

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soundslide3Watch an audio slideshow

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Story Sixty Four: Trench Foot

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William “Sam” Magee suffered from Trench Foot while serving in Italy. He was shocked to hear that the doctor threatened to cut off his feet

Trench Foot

Many soldiers fighting in the First World War suffered from trench foot. This was an infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and insanitary conditions. In the trenches men stood for hours on end in waterlogged trenches without being able to remove wet socks or boots. The feet would gradually go numb and the skin would turn red or blue. If untreated, trench foot could turn gangrenous and result in amputation. Trench foot was a particular problem in the early stages of the war. For example, during the winter of 1914-15 over 20,000 men in the British Army were treated for trench foot.

The only remedy for trench foot was for the soldiers to dry their feet and change their socks several times a day. By the end of 1915 British soldiers in the trenches had to have three pairs of socks with them and were under orders to change their socks at least twice a day. As well as drying their feet, soldiers were told to cover their feet with a grease made from whale-oil. It has been estimated that a battalion at the front would use ten gallons of whale-oil every day .

source: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWfoot.htm

Story One:  Sam suffering from Trench Foot

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Story Two: Sam gets Trench Mouth

A painful infection of the mouth and throat characterized by ulcerations of the mucous membranes, bleeding, and foul breath. It is caused by the bacterium

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Story Sixty-Three: Venereal Disease

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Donald Duck, dressed in the uniform of an Australian soldier, for some reason. The ‘Pro’ in the poster being the slang term, at the time, for prophylactics :

Sexual Transmitted Diseases was a serious situation facing the soldiers  and prior to the use of penicillin the treatment  was limited.  Including  a technique called “The Hockey Stick”

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According  to  US statistics…….During the Great War, V.D. had caused the Army lost services of 18,000 servicemen per day. Although by 1944 this number had been reduced 30-fold, there were still around 606 servicemen incapacitated by V.D. every day. This drop in numbers was partly because of the Army’s effort to raise awareness about the dangers faced by servicemen through poor sexual hygiene, but also because of the important developments in medicine in the area of treatment of the disease. In late 1943 a case of gonorrhea required a hospital treatment of 30 days, and curing syphilis remained a 6-month ordeal – by mid 1944, the average case of gonorrhea was
reduced to 5 days, and in many cases the patient remained on duty status while being treated.

Source: http://med-dept.com/vd.php

Story One:  Canadian Military Rules for Catching VD  was 28 Day Charge

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Story Two: Penicillin the Miracle Medicine

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Listen to one of the Dominion Institute Memories  Archive story

Story  Prisioners of Love by Nina Rumen. I was a nursing sister in the R.C.A.M.C

http://www.thememoryproject.com/digital-archive/profileAudios/3389_rum_n_02_.mp3

She states….

My first posting was in Kingston, Ontario, in 1951. I was assigned to a lovely lady who died just recently, and the first thing she asked me to do was to give penicillin to twenty-five young men at the back of this surgical ward. Well, of course I knew how to give penicillin. “Why are they having it?” “Because the doctor prescribed it.” “Why did he prescribe it?” “Because they have gonorrhea!” We didn’t have outpatients in those days and they had to be given every three hours, so there were twenty-five bottoms up. And they were quite literally prisoners there, because they were in the army and they had to do as they were told. The song, “I’m a prisoner of love,” was popular in ‘51, and they called themselves the, “Prisoners of Love.”

Story Three:  Distribution of prophylactics through Yellow Stations in UK

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Story Sixty-One: Battle Experiences

William “sam” Magee conveys stories during his stint with the Canadian military

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Story One: Impact of  one mortar shell,  Resulting in killing 28 men

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Story Two: Rabbit Attack: Unnecessary Gun Fire creating problems

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Story Three:  Self Inflicted Wounds.  Some Soldiers to get out of battle inflicted themselves with gun shots

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